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July 29, 2011
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Scandinavian Commonwealth Flag by Rarayn Scandinavian Commonwealth Flag by Rarayn
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Related Media:
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Flag evolution chart [link]

Map [link]

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Commentary:
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Someone on the AlternateHistory.com forums posted a flag for a 19th century Scandinavian Union. He wanted a flag for the unified Scandinavia created by the Scandinavist Surge event chain in Paradox Interactive's Victoria that didn't look like the flag of the old Kalmar Union.

Since I had been walking around with similar ideas for a while myself, I figured I might as well give it a try. This was the result, and I'm quite pleased with it overall. Sweden may be the dominant party on the flag, but that's only natural, as any unified Scandinavia created in the 19th century would most definitely have Sweden as its most dominant member.

A scenario like this would most likely need a PoD further back than the 19th century to be realistic, as there weren't exactly a lack of hard-feelings between Sweden and Denmark, but something along the lines of it did indeed come close to happening. The King of Sweden-Norway did give Denmark considerable military aid in the First War of Schleswig, creating a sense of brotherhood among many of the people of Scandinavia, for instance.

When the King of Sweden-Norway wanted to intervene on Denmark's side in the Second War of Schleswig, however, his efforts were denounced by the Swedish parliament and the Pan-Scandinavian movement was thus shattered.

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History: The Birth of the Commonwealth of Scandinavia
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When the Prussians invaded Schleswig-Holstein in 1864, initiating the Second war of Schleswig, they found that Bismark's political calculations had been off. Not only did Denmark continue to put up stiff resistance, but Sweden-Norway once again came to their aid as well, as they had once before in the First War of Schleswig more than a decade ago.

While the Prussians might still have been able to take Holstein despite the unexpected Scandinavian resistance, Bismarck saw the potential future threat of a reborn - and hostile - "Lion of the North". He therefore offered a compromise: Schleswig-Holstein would be split in two, with Schleswig staying with Denmark and Holstein going to Germany.

Denmark reluctantly agreed to this compromise, as it saw that long-term resistance against Prussia would most likely be fatal. While this could hardly be considered a victory in the global scheme of things, it did have a profound effect on the people of Norway, Sweden and Denmark alike. The Pan-Scandinavist movement that had been formed after Sweden-Norway's participation on Denmark's side in the First War of Schleswig grew stronger, and a sense of common cultural, linguistic and historical heritage replaced the feelings of patriotism to one country alone.

The King of Sweden capitalized on this, suggesting to the King of Denmark a return to the days of the Kalmar Union, when all three kingdoms were as one. Denmark, no longer in a position to ever becoming a major power again, eventually accepted his proposal. On the 19th of August 1867, the three kingdoms were once again formally united. The Commonwealth of the Three Crowns of Scandinavia , or just the Commonwealth of Scandinavia, was thus born.

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Resources:
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Swedish crowns [link] (adapted)
Add a Comment:
 
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2014
what's the shade blue you used for the flag?
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2014
The one from the Swedish flag. I have no idea what it's called, if that's what you're asking. Here are the numbers if that's of any use to you though:
Cyan: 100
Magenta: 44
Yellow: 0
Black: 42
Reply
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2014
thanks, I've been designing flags for Scandinavia for Victoria 2, and I needed the specific color.   
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:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Sep 19, 2014
No problem, have fun.
Reply
:iconalternateflags:
Alternateflags Featured By Owner Aug 9, 2014
This is a nice looking flag.
Reply
:iconmonsieur-crasque:
Monsieur-Crasque Featured By Owner Apr 27, 2014
This is glorious! I love it! I think you made the ultimate Scandinavian flag. I get a surge of patriotism when I see this :happybounce: 
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:iconarcheim:
Archeim Featured By Owner Feb 2, 2014
Nice. Love  [link] and [link]
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:iconbatlord:
batlord Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2013
I love this ! It's way better than the very bland Kalmar flag (and hint at the Swedish supremacy) :D

I'm doing an AAR (after action report) for Scandinavia in Victoria 2, can I please use this for my introduction post ? (maybe i can even add it in game, that would be awesome)
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2013
Good to hear!

Feel free to use it for AARs etc. but keep in mind that I took some liberties with the design. The modern Norwegian flag was introduced roughly the same year Victoria 2 starts, whereas the white on red saltire I have used here was a much older proposal that was never used. People might point that out to you on the Paradox forums as well. My flag has been brought up by other people in discussions involving the Kalmar flag in Victoria, and subsequently shot down for being too ahistorical, so I would know. :)
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:iconbatlord:
batlord Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2013
Thansk !
The reason I like this flag is not about historical correctness, but about awesomeness :)
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