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Commonwealth of Scandinavia by Rarayn Commonwealth of Scandinavia by Rarayn
Update: Changed the information bar on the left to be more organized. I also added some new information, and shortened some of the footnotes.

I also updated the Scandinavian flag.

Download if you want to see the text and the details more clearly.

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Commentary
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I wanted to do a map of a Scandinavia unified in the modern era, and I also wanted to do a map featuring a victorious German empire, so I ended up doing both at once. There's a lot of very unrealistic wanking going on here, but I never intended this to be a realistic scenario to begin with, heh.

I have included a short overview of the history behind the Commonwealth below. The Paradox fans among you may recognize it as an elaborated version of the "Scandinavist Surge" event chain from Victoria.

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History: The Birth of the Commonwealth of Scandinavia (1/1)
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When the Prussians invaded Schleswig-Holstein in 1864, initiating the Second war of Schleswig, they found that Bismark's political calculations had been off. Not only did Denmark continue to put up stiff resistance, but Sweden-Norway once again came to their aid as well, as they had once before in the First War of Schleswig more than a decade ago.

While the Prussians might still have been able to take Holstein despite the unexpected Scandinavian resistance, Bismarck saw the potential future threat of a reborn - and hostile - "Lion of the North". He therefore offered a compromise: Schleswig-Holstein would be split in two, with Schleswig staying with Denmark and Holstein going to Germany.

Denmark reluctantly agreed to this compromise, as it saw that long-term resistance against Prussia would most likely be fatal. While this could hardly be considered a victory in the global scheme of things, it did have a profound effect on the people of Norway, Sweden and Denmark alike. The Pan-Scandinavist movement that had been formed after Sweden-Norway's participation on Denmark's side in the First War of Schleswig grew stronger, and a sense of common cultural, linguistic and historical heritage replaced the feelings of patriotism to one country alone.

The King of Sweden capitalized on this, suggesting to the King of Denmark a return to the days of the Kalmar Union, when all three kingdoms were as one. Denmark, no longer in a position to ever becoming a major power again, eventually accepted his proposal. On the 19th of August 1867, the three kingdoms were once again formally united. The Commonwealth of the Three Crowns of Scandinavia , or just the Commonwealth of Scandinavia, was thus born.

This initiated a period of strong militarisation in Scandinavia. Sweden's considerable industrial resources combined with the ports and naval traditions of Norway and Denmark soon resulted in a navy only rivalled by that of the United Kingdom.

The question of the Scandinavian navy would be the source of great conflict in the future, as Britain felt that its naval hegemony was threatened by this new "Viking fleet". This conflict would push Scandinavia further and further into the camp of the Central Powers, and later resulted in their participation on their side in the Two Years War of 1914-1916.

The map above shows the Scandinavian Commonwealth at its peak after their victory in the Two Years War.

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Extra information
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A bigger version of the Scandinavian flag can be found here: [link]

The compass rose was found here: [link]

The paper textures were found here: [link]

The base map was found here: [link]
Add a Comment:
 
:iconrubenick:
rubenick Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Kingdom of Finland! 
Now that sounds badass! :D Awesome work!
Reply
:iconcircleoflife123:
CircleofLife123 Featured By Owner Nov 26, 2014
Isn't this mostly the danish kingdom at its peak. Before Sweden became independent
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Nov 26, 2014
Sort of. Just because the circumstances of this union are very different from the Kalmar Union doesn't mean that the constituent kingdoms are all that different, after all.
Reply
:iconwolfsoren:
wolfsoren Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
This is a rather neat concept. I do something similar in Paradox's Europa Universalis IV from time to time. Breaking Sweden free of Denmark then waging wars to conquer all of Scandinavia is no small task. Once Iceland is mine I typically colonize the new world. Did the Commonwealth of Scandinavia ever make it to the new world? 
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
I haven't played EU4 much, but I've done similar things in For the Glory/EU2. Typically end up conquering the entire Baltic coast while I am at it. I had an extensive colonial empire too, but because of some stupid events related to the formation of the US I lost the American ones. Sucked.

The PoD is in the 19th century, so whatever colonial possessions were in the hands of Denmark or Sweden at the time are still theirs. They may also have participated more in the rush for Africa.
Reply
:iconwolfsoren:
wolfsoren Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
I always end up scared of Novgorod and Muscovy in terms of the Baltic.

Interesting. Excellent work. =D
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
EU2/FTG is not kind to the Russians at all. Novgorod is more or less specifically designed to lose without putting up a fight, which is kind of sad. As much as I like EU2 it was a tad too deterministic about some things.
Reply
:iconwolfsoren:
wolfsoren Featured By Owner May 31, 2014
Yeah, getting in a war with Muscovy, Novgorod, or Kazan in the beginning is suicide. That being said, everything from Murmansk to Livonia looks appetizing after a while.
Reply
:iconmonsieur-crasque:
Monsieur-Crasque Featured By Owner Apr 27, 2014
Great job! And my home city (Gothenburg) made capital made my day :la: Its position in the kingdom makes it very believable :) I would love to see true scandinavism again IRL <3
Reply
:iconbruiser128:
bruiser128 Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
I bet that after the Great War Filand would be offered to join the commonwealth.
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014
Naw, Finland is more closely affiliated with the German Empire than with the Scandinavian Commonwealth in this TL. Who knows what the "future" holds though?
Reply
:iconbruiser128:
bruiser128 Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
Well I was thinking of a different kind of world war starting 
this TL of yours.
Also I am not the only person who would consider Finland
to be more Scandanavian than German.
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014
It's neither, really. What ties it to Germany in this TL is the choice of a member of a German noble house as their monarch, much like what was planned in Finland historically around the time of WW1. Finland itself has no wish to tie itself to the Swedes again, and so it remains an independent kingdom under German influence. (But not dominance)
Reply
:iconbruiser128:
bruiser128 Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
Really? That makes it sound like the Finnish and Swedish have shared animosity in the past.
Also I thought they where only gonna do it for Poland.


Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014
Finland was under Swedish dominance for centuries, followed by a while of Russian dominance. That being the case, the dominant position in Finland is one preferring independence from outside powers. The Scandinavians currently prefer Finland as a friendly buffer against the Russians too. There are forces in favour of including Finland in the Commonwealth too, both in Finland and the Commonwealth, but they are not dominant.

The Germans had a lot of plans like that for eastern Europe towards the end of WW1 historically:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_…
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_…
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_B…
Reply
:iconbruiser128:
bruiser128 Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
Wow you got to hand it to Germany they sure
as heck where more ambitious than the 
Entente idiots.
Reply
:iconkenna20:
kenna20 Featured By Owner Dec 6, 2013  Student Writer
i rather like the idea of a unified Scandinavia...but not under a swedish king.
though as this aint real life, no need to complain i suposse, nice looking map, good job!
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2013
Thanks!

Each kingdom has a monarch of their own, and the position as "Commonwealth King" rotates between them, similar to what the King of Bavaria proposed for the early German Empire.
Reply
:iconkenna20:
kenna20 Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2013  Student Writer
Bet that was written in that long description of yours ye? God dammit...
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2013
Think I might have come up with it at some point after writing the description, actually, so no worries. :D
Reply
:iconluzur:
Luzur Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2013
well, a Scandinavian Union (my guess its Swedish dominated) would prob had retaken Finland from Russia in the WWI, if Russia entered it as in the real timeline?
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jul 9, 2013
Either that or making it a client state with a relative of the Swedish king as the ruler, I suppose. No idea why I made it a German client state back when I made this map.
Reply
:iconuberimperialguard:
UberImperialGuard Featured By Owner May 20, 2012
Just Asking: Why is Finland a independent Kingdom? We (Sweden) would've loved to reclaim it from the russians. Oh well, Atleast we got Åland and Estonia back.
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner May 20, 2012
The Scandinavian Commonwealth was not strong enough to take Finland back while it was still part of Russia. During the WW1 analogue this map depicts the aftermath of, Finland was set up as a German client kingdom as was planned OTL. With a Central Powers victory, that plan succeeded, and the result is an independent Kingdom of Finland under German influence. Scandinavia does not want to antagonize their most important ally so soon after the war, and so Finland remains semi-independent for the time being.
Reply
:iconb4kuhatsu:
B4kuhatsu Featured By Owner May 1, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Nice map! I really like your style.
If you're still working on this, you should remove the small rectangular island and the piece of land north of it. They didn't exist in 1920. We finished the whole thing in the 1960's. [link]
Greetings from The Netherlands.;)
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner May 2, 2012
It sometimes feels as if half the Netherlands are artificial or reclaimed land. :XD:

I'll see about getting it fixed once I do my next cleanup of my map gallery. Thank you for pointing it out!
Reply
:iconb4kuhatsu:
B4kuhatsu Featured By Owner May 2, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You're welcome. ;)
Reply
:iconamongthesatanic:
AmongTheSatanic Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2012  Hobbyist Artist
So how did WW1 only play out in two years ? Britain and Russia having to deal with Scandinavia really changed things, eh ?
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:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2012
Long story short; the combined Scandinavian and German fleets crushed the British one, and Scandinavian support to the east resulted in less pressure being put on Austria-Hungary and Germany from Russia. This resulted in them being able to force an early and favourable peace, with the military might of France crushed as in OTL and the British fleet a shadow of its former self. I can't honestly say I put much thought into that part of the scenario past "Federalized Scandinavia in German WW1 Victory scenario".
Reply
:iconamongthesatanic:
AmongTheSatanic Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2012  Hobbyist Artist
Ah. Well I say the United Baltic Duchy and it made me giddy, since I recently made an original WW1 CP victory map.
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2012
Can't go wrong with the United Baltic Duchy. :D
Reply
:iconamongthesatanic:
AmongTheSatanic Featured By Owner Jan 14, 2012  Hobbyist Artist
Wish it had actually formed somehow :D
Reply
:iconottodesantinez:
OttoDeSantinez Featured By Owner Aug 23, 2011
I like the Kingdom of Finland :)
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 23, 2011
:3
Reply
:iconottodesantinez:
OttoDeSantinez Featured By Owner Aug 24, 2011
(/^.^)/
Reply
:iconneethis:
Neethis Featured By Owner Aug 5, 2011
I love the style you've got going here! What program(s) did you use making this? :)
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 5, 2011
Glad you liked it!

I've used the latest version of GIMP for more or less all my maps and flags. The process is based on the steps of Sapiento's map tutorial, but with some major differences, such as using 3-5 layers for textures alone. (Background, tint, secondary texture, foreground, grit)
Reply
:iconneethis:
Neethis Featured By Owner Aug 5, 2011
Nice :) I use GIMP myself, but I never have the patience/time to put enough detail into texturing, lol
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 5, 2011
I trace a new basemap for almost every map I make, so patience/time is rarely an issue for me. XD

I generally use paper textures I find rather than ones I make myself though. I can't for the life of me figure out how to make a paper texture that looks like paper. I linked to some good ones in the description of this map, if you want to take a look.
Reply
:iconanalyticalengine:
AnalyticalEngine Featured By Owner Aug 2, 2011
Destroy Scandinavia for daring to take rightful British land.

Otherwise, good.
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 2, 2011
The great lion of Northern Europe does as it pleases. >:3

Thanks! :D
Reply
:iconfenn-o-manic:
Fenn-O-maniC Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Very well made and backstory is cool. Good job!
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2011
Thank you. I am glad you liked the backstory, though I can only claim credit for about half the ideas at best. (Again, based it on an event chain from Victoria.)
Reply
:iconcaturday2:
Caturday2 Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Very interesting!
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2011
Thanks!
Reply
:iconnivekvonbeldo:
NivekVonBeldo Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2011  Hobbyist Writer
Scandinavia only(in game term) require tham Sweden has a more of ' love' for Denmark in both Schleswig-Holstein crisis, and in general is not so dificult, most if both king manage to have a co-dominium... and a militaritzation is very likely(denmark was extremly militaristic for such smal country)

Nice map, was amazing
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2011
Thank you, I am glad you think so. :D
Reply
:iconneoteros:
Neoteros Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
it reminds me of how easily Scandinavia formed, when i played as Prussia... XD
Reply
:iconrarayn:
Rarayn Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2011
I haven't actually seen it happen in Vicky, since I've never played a proper game of Vicky, but I can't say I'm surprised to hear that. Some ahistorical outcomes in Paradox Interactive games come about a bit too easily sometimes. :XD:
Reply
:iconmdc01957:
mdc01957 Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2011
All I can say is Wundebar! XD
Reply
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